Headline

a simple Techology:ASP .NET implementation in C# for the Technology:.NET Framework

Motivation

A Web implementation in ASP .NET MVC 3.0; shows the basic features of MVC framework; in particular URL routing mapping to controllers and model/view binding. The implementation also serves as a reference solution for MVC framework for statically typed programming languages (e.g. C#, VB .NET) which also motivates its appearance in the GUI theme.

Illustration

When we speak about MVC Framework for the Web, there are 2 major components are considered:

1. Mapping URIs to handlers (essentially methods) in a source code. In ASP .NET MVC this called "routing" (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc668201.aspx). Reflection plays an important part in the mapping workflow. A good detailed explanation can be found at http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/dd695917.aspx

2. Template engine (ofter they called "view engines") which allows using target language inside the "view" to generate html parts from the model. ASP .NET MVC, for instance, supports two such engines: aspx and razor (http://weblogs.asp.net/scottgu/archive/2010/07/02/introducing-razor.aspx). Razor allows using C#/VB.NET inside the template by using special code blocks. This code is used by a framework to dynamically generate HTML by means of runtime code generation. Another important aspect, is how the actual model is binded to such template engine. As soon as the view itself is fully dynamic, traditionally in ASP .NET a dictionary was used to store the model and access it by key from the view code block. When a "dynamic" concept (http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd264741.aspx) was introduced in C# 4.0, it enabled an option making a model available for a view bypassing compile-time checking. Runtime code generation is used to execute all code blocks in a view engine and produce the actual HTML code.

Route mapping

To set up routes we need to implement class derived from System.Web.HttpApplication

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There is a method which is called by the framework when the first resource (such as a page) in an ASP.NET application is requested. (see http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms178473.aspx for the details)

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Usually there is a need to force MVC to ignore some resources:

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To map routes on controller's actions, the following method is used:

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The MVC framework provides a default controller factory (aptly named DefaultControllerFactory) that will search through all the assemblies in an appdomain looking for all types that implement IController and whose name ends with "Controller." Thus, if you tell the factory to look for a "Home" controller, the factory can return a newly instantiated instance of a HomeController class regardless of the namespace or assembly it lives in—as long as it implements IController. This behavior is part of the MVC's "convention over configuration" style. Once the MvcHandler has an IController reference from the factory, it invokes Execute on the controller and waits for the controller to work its magic. When execution is complete, the MvcHandler will check if the controller implements the IDisposable interface, and if so, will invoke Dispose on the controller to clean up unmanaged resources.

When (if) the action index is reached, as a result it can return a view or just a plain HTTP response (e.g. JSON, HTTP Error Code). If the view is returned default engine would search for its tempalte the following locations:

  • ~/Views/Home/Index.aspx
  • ~/Views/Home/Index.ascx
  • ~/Views/Shared/Index.aspx
  • ~/Views/Shared/Index.ascx
  • ~/Views/Home/Index.cshtml
  • ~/Views/Home/Index.vbhtml
  • ~/Views/Shared/Index.cshtml
  • ~/Views/Shared/Index.vbhtml
Model binding

First we populate the view by model (in this case by the Company object)

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The result of the action above is the view template located at Views/Company/Index.cshtml. In the first line of the template, we need to "type" the model by using

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Later on we can refer to the "Model" property of the page in the following style

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Here we see that the "Model" property has the type of "Company".

Architecture

An implementation follows the default MVC folder structure provided by Visual Studio. It also reuses an object model AS-IS from the Contribution:csharp by referencing the project.

Usage

Compile and run the project from Visual Sturio. Web browser opens automatically and shows the company page.

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    Syntax for editing wiki

    For you are available next options:

    will make text bold.

    will make text italic.

    will make text underlined.

    will make text striked.

    will allow you to paste code headline into the page.

    will allow you to link into the page.

    will allow you to paste code with syntax highlight into the page. You will need to define used programming language.

    will allow you to paste image into the page.

    is list with bullets.

    is list with numbers.

    will allow your to insert slideshare presentation into the page. You need to copy link to presentation and insert it as parameter in this tag.

    will allow your to insert youtube video into the page. You need to copy link to youtube page with video and insert it as parameter in this tag.

    will allow your to insert code snippets from @worker.